Bloom's Taxonomy

​​Bloom's Taxonomy is a hierarchical view of learning. Using Bloom's Taxonomy is a valuable way to begin thinking about student learning and​ assessment of that learning.​

Bloom's Taxonomy Verbs


Bloom's Taxonomy Verbs in lightbulb shape. Accessible transcript  of text  below
"Bloom’s Taxonomy Verbs" by Fractus Learning is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share​Alike 4.0 International License.

Text from the image (in order from higher to lower-level thinking skills):

  • Evaluation: make and defend judgments based on internal evidence or external criteria.

Appraise, argue, assess, attach, choose, compare, conclude, contrast, defend, describe, discriminate, estimate, evaluate, explain, judge, justify, interpret, relate, predict, rate, select, summarize, support, value

  • Synthesis: compile component ideas into a new whole or propose alternate solutions.

Arrange, assemble, categorize, collect, combine, comply, compose, construct, create, design, develop, devise, explain, formulate, generate, plan, prepare, rearrange, reconstruct, relate, reorganize, revise, rewrite, set up, summarize, synthesize, write 

  • Analysis: break down objects or ideas into simpler parts and find evidence to support generalizations.​

Analyze, appraise, breakdown, calculate, categorize, compare, contrast, criticize, diagram, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, examine, experiment, identify, illustrate, infer, model, outline, point out, question, relate, select, separate, subdivide, test ​

  • Application: apply knowledge to actual situations.

Apply, change, choose, compute, demonstrate, discover, dramatize, employ, illustrate, interpret, manipulate, modify, operate, practice, predict, prepare, produce, relate, schedule, show, sketch, solve, use, and write

  • Comprehension: demonstrate an understanding of the facts.

Classify, convert, defend, describe, discuss, distinguish, estimate, explain, express, extend, generalized, give example(s), identify, indicate, infer, locate, paraphrase, predict, recognize, rewrite, review, select, summarize, translate 

  • Knowledge: remember previously learned information.

Arrange, define, describe, duplicate, identify, label, list, match, memorize, name, order, outline, recognize, relate, recall, repeat, reproduce, select, state